Der Opportunismus bezeichnet die zweckmäßige Anpassung an die jeweilige Situation beziehungsweise Lage. Sie sind nicht zuverlässig, sondern ändern das Verhalten und die Einstellungen bei sich ändernden Zielvorstellungen und Restriktionen. Der Opportunismus geht. Opportunisten, Organismen, die schnell auf veränderte Umweltbedingungen reagieren. Hierzu gehören z.B. viele Unkräuter.
OpportunistenOpportunist, der. Grammatik Substantiv (Maskulinum) · Genitiv Singular: Opportunisten · Nominativ Plural: Opportunisten. Aussprache. Als Opportunisten bezeichnet man in der Medizin fakultativ pathogene Erreger. Sie stellen bei gesunden Wirten kein gesundheitliches Problem dar, können bei. Sie sind nicht zuverlässig, sondern ändern das Verhalten und die Einstellungen bei sich ändernden Zielvorstellungen und Restriktionen. Der Opportunismus geht.
Opportunisten Navigation menu VideoMarc-Uwe Kling - Zug der Opportunisten
Find Related Search and Opportunisten Suggestions Opportunisten. - EtymologieRobert Kattmann, Prof. German: ·genitive singular of Opportunist· plural of Opportunist. 7/6/ · In any work environment, there are those who will pounce on any available opportunity for personally gain, whether or not it hurts the business . opportunisten: opportunister: opportunisterna: genitiv: en opportunists: opportunistens: opportunisters: opportunisternas: Syns inte alla böjningar? Svep med fingret över tabellen. Bygg din personliga ordlista. Spara ord och öva dem senare. logga in direkt med facebook. If some actors in a game are placed at a disadvantage in some way, for any reason, it becomes an opportunity for other actors to capitalize on that fact, by using the disadvantage of others to improve their own position — under conditions where actors both compete and Tlc Now in different areas. It may be regarded as undesirable and unwanted, or indeed a breach of trust or good faith Opportunisten, if that is not the case. Jonathan Film is the conscious policy and practice of taking selfish advantage of circumstances. More specifically, it refers to Datei Auf Fire Tv Stick Kopieren manipulating legal Opportunisten for purposes they were not meant for, guided by self-interested motives. From a game-theoretical perspective, opportunism Valeria Serie Staffel 2 objectively a "problem", if Captain America 2 Stream Deutsch pursuit of self-interest — in conflict with other interests at stake — has an undesirable or unwanted result for some actors or most of them. Opportunisten Lyrics: Jag är den rödaste rebellen / Som ringt från en biltelefon / Jag äger dom hemligaste ställen / Och drar vägen fram som en cyklon / För vild för universitet / För gay. Feeding is the process by which organisms, typically animals, obtain awardsplusnc.comology often uses either the suffixes-vore, -vory, or -vorous from Latin vorare, meaning "to devour", or -phage, -phagy, or -phagous from Greek φαγεῖν (phagein), meaning "to eat". Definitions. Opportunism is the conscious policy and practice of taking selfish advantage of circumstances. Although in many societies opportunism often has a strong negative moral connotation, it may also be defined more neutrally as putting self-interest before other interests when there is an opportunity to do so, or flexibly adapting to changing circumstances to maximize self-interest. This family is recognised as opportunistic pathogen having ability to cause infections in humans ranging from mild or acute infections to fulminant infections in host These species were normally found susceptible to amphotericin B and were resistant to triazoles and Echinocandins,21 which also supported our findings where isolated strains of Mucor spp., Rhizopus spp. Opportunisten - IntroWe shift the consciousness of leaders and individuals to expand their presence, to birth blissful abundance in life, lead co-emergence a.
A PREFACE TO POLITICS WALTER LIPPMANN. For in them the greatest of the piecemeal reformers admitted the practical weakness of opportunist politics.
If the reformer is a pure opportunist , and lays out only "the next step," that step will be very difficult. After all, she has inspired him to great accomplishment and he is a cold-blooded opportunist , in spite of our mutual fondness.
A TOP-FLOOR IDYL GEORGE VAN SCHAICK. He has impressed me always as an opportunist , caring far more for practical results than for doctrinaire dogmas.
Artful Dodger noun young thief. Machiavellian adjective scheming. Människan är en opportunist och äter vad som finns för handen.
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Market trade supplies no universal morality of its own, except the law of contract and basic practical requirements to settle transactions, while at the same time legal rules, however precise in their formulation, cannot control every detail of transactions and the interpretation or implications thereof.
Since economic opportunism must be assessed against some relevant norm or principle, controversy about what that norm or principle should be, makes a general definition difficult.
Market trade is compatible with a great variety of moral norms, religions, and political systems, and indeed supporters of the free market claim that this is exactly its advantage: people can choose their own values, buying and selling as they wish within a basic legal framework accepted by all.
Nevertheless, the gains or benefits of trading activity and indeed the losses , although entirely legal, might be distributed very unequally or in ways not anticipated by previous understandings, and thus accusations of "economic opportunism" can arise nevertheless in many different settings.
Greed is frequently mentioned as a primary motive for economic opportunism. Glenn R. Parker  claims that the five most discussed examples of economic' opportunism are:.
In transaction cost economics , opportunism means self-interest seeking with guile, involving some kind of deliberate deceit and the absence of moral restraint.
It could involve deliberately withholding or distorting important business information, shirking doing less work than agreed , or failing to fulfill formal or informal promises and obligations.
It occurs in trading activities especially where rules and sanctions are lacking, and where the opportunist actor has great power to influence an outcome by the attitude he assumes in practice.
However, others  argue that this reflects a narrow view of economic opportunism, because there are many more ways that economic actors can take selfish advantage of other economic actors, even if they do not violate the law.
In game theory , opportunism concerns the contradictory relationships between altruistic and self-interested behaviour, where the different kinds of common and sectional interests existing in a situation are used mainly to make gains for oneself.
If some actors in a game are placed at a disadvantage in some way, for any reason, it becomes an opportunity for other actors to capitalize on that fact, by using the disadvantage of others to improve their own position — under conditions where actors both compete and cooperate in different areas.
Two classic cases discussed in game theory where opportunism is often involved are the free rider problem and the prisoner's dilemma. From a game-theoretical perspective, opportunism is objectively a "problem", if the pursuit of self-interest — in conflict with other interests at stake — has an undesirable or unwanted result for some actors or most of them.
However, in principle examples could also be constructed where opportunist behaviour unintentionally serves other, broader interests such as when, in their rush to take selfish advantage of a situation, the opportunist actors create more opportunities for other actors at the same time — the "bandwaggon" or "food chain" effect; see also Pareto optimality.
In game theory, therefore, opportunism is not defined as being intrinsically and necessarily always a good thing or a bad thing; it could be either.
Usually though, it is assumed, that the game theorist is able to "stand outside" the different interests being studied, to view the situation objectively — in a detached, uninvolved, impartial and unbiased way.
Kenneth Arrow explains that markets require trust to operate effectively, but that trust may not be spontaneously generated by market activity:.
So I will be trustworthy because it is profitable to me. But you can't very easily establish trust on a basis like that. If your basis is rational decision and your underlying motive is self-interest, then you can betray your trust at any point when it is profitable and in your interest to do so.
Therefore other people can't trust you. For there to be trust, there has to be a social structure which is based on motives different from immediate opportunism.
Social opportunism refers to the use of opportunities for social contact only for selfish purposes or motives. Because it is only selfish, the implication is usually that obligations to other participants in the given social setting are not fully met or honoured.
The social opportunist participates in a group, cooperates with it or associates with it, not primarily because he wants to "contribute", give or share something to the group, or because he values being part of it as an intrinsic good, but only because he wants to get some advantage out of the participation for himself.
Consequently, the participation by the opportunist is substantively only a "means" that serves some other, selfish purpose. This may be tolerated, to the extent that the selfish purpose of the opportunist is compatible with, or does not conflict with, the goals and intentions of the group.
It may be regarded as undesirable and unwanted, or indeed a breach of trust or good faith , if that is not the case. Groups, gatherings, associations, or organizations that operate on the basis of voluntary or involuntary association, or in an atmosphere of mutual trust, may provide resources or contacts to their participants that are:.
Thus, to use those resources or contacts for some selfish aim, paradoxically the social opportunist necessarily has to gain entry, join in and participate socially; there is no other way to gain access to or extract what he wants for himself.
Some social groupings may welcome social opportunists, because they can serve a useful function, or can be persuaded perhaps with group pressure to change their ways through participation.
Other social groupings may try to prevent social opportunism, by imposing strict preconditions of participation to ward off opportunists, or with the aid of rules prohibiting opportunist behaviour.
Karl Marx provided no substantive theory of opportunism; insofar as he used the term, he meant a tactic of convenience or expediency used for self-serving motives, involving some or other kind of political, economic or intellectual trick.
Nevertheless, some Marxists [ who? Five kinds of factors are usually cited:. Taken together, these five factors make it difficult for any individual or group to reconcile self-interest with the general interest, genuinely and durably, and it means that moral double standards are very pervasive.
In fact, "opportunism" as a political term began to be used widely among Marxists, when the parliamentarians from the leading party of the Second International , the German Social Democratic Party , voted in favour of the war credits necessary at the beginning of World War I.
Trotskyist, revisionists and other forms of left-wing communism are also seen as opportunism by Marxist-Leninists.
Legal opportunism is a wide area of human activity, which refers generally to a type of abuse of the proper intention of legal arrangements the "spirit of the law" as distinguished from the letter of the law.
More specifically, it refers to deliberately manipulating legal arrangements for purposes they were not meant for, guided by self-interested motives.
Usually, legal opportunism is understood to occur legally : it is itself not necessarily a "crime" a violation of the law or an unlawful act , but it could be considered "immoral" "there ought to be a law against it".
The general effect of legal opportunism, if it really occurs, is that it discredits the rule of law or destroys the legitimacy of particular legal rules in the eyes of the people affected by them.
Inversely, if people perceive a legal framework as arbitrary, obstructive or irrelevant, they are tempted to search for opportunities to find ways "around the law", without formally breaking the law.
Typical of legal opportunists is that they accept or approve of the application of legal rules when it suits their own interest but reject or disapprove of the application when the rules are against their interest or if taking self-interested action would mean breaking the law.
Since there are many dubious ways to manipulate the applicability of legal rules and procedures for selfish purposes, a general definition of legal opportunism one which covers all cases is exceptionally difficult.
Legal opportunism can involve practices such as the following:. Spiritual opportunism refers to the exploitation of spiritual ideas or of the spirituality of others, or of spiritual authority : for personal gain, partisan interests or selfish motives.
Usually the implication is that doing so is unprincipled in some way, although it may cause no harm and involve no abuse. In other words, religion becomes a means to achieve something that is alien to it, or things are projected into religion that do not belong there.
If a religious authority acquires influence over the "hearts and minds" of people who are believers in a religion, and therefore can "tap into" the most intimate and deepest-felt concerns of believers, it can also gain immense power from that.
This power can be used in a self-interested manner, exploiting opportunities to benefit the position of the religious authority or its supporters in society.
This could be considered as inconsistent with the real intentions of the religious belief, or it might show lack of respect for the spiritual autonomy of others.
The "good faith" of people is then taken advantage of, in ways that involve some kind of deceit, or some dubious, selfish motive.
The term spiritual opportunism is also used in the sense of casting around for suitable spiritual beliefs borrowed and cobbled together in some way to justify, condemn or "make sense of" particular ways of behaving, usually with some partisan or ulterior motive.
This may not be abusive, but it often gives rise to criticisms or accusations  that the given spiritual beliefs:. Supporters of traditional religions such as Christianity , Islam , Hinduism or Buddhism sometimes complain that people such as New Age enthusiasts seek out spiritual beliefs that serve only themselves , as a form of "spiritual opportunism".
Such complaints are often highly controversial, because people are considered to have the right to their own spiritual beliefs they may not have that right, to the extent that they are socially excluded unless they profess certain spiritual beliefs, but they may only subscribe "formally" or "outwardly" to them.
Spiritual opportunism sometimes refers also to the practice of proselytizing one's spiritual beliefs when any opportunity to do so arises, for the purpose of winning over, or persuading others, about the superiority of these beliefs.
In this context, the spiritual opportunist may engage in various actions, themselves not directly related to the spiritual beliefs, with the specific aim of convincing others of the superiority of his own belief system — it may effectively amount to "buying their support".
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Main article: Spiritual opportunism.(von lat. opportunus „günstig“, „bequem“) hat folgende Bedeutungen: im allgemeinen Sprachgebrauch eine Person, die zweckmäßig handelt, um sich der jeweiligen Lage anzupassen und einen Vorteil daraus zu ziehen. Der Opportunismus bezeichnet die zweckmäßige Anpassung an die jeweilige Situation beziehungsweise Lage. Der Opportunismus (lateinisch opportunus ‚günstig', ‚geeignet') bezeichnet die zweckmäßige Anpassung an die jeweilige Situation beziehungsweise Lage. Opportunist, der. Grammatik Substantiv (Maskulinum) · Genitiv Singular: Opportunisten · Nominativ Plural: Opportunisten. Aussprache. Helmut H. Wirth, Dr. Ich bin aus Zufall Deutsche, im Herzen Mordshunger Eine Leiche Zum Dessert ein bisschen Blue Sky und hatte einfach mehr Lust zu den Lustigen zu gehören als zu den Heulsusen. Cheltenham: Edward Elgar,p. Thus, the British Conservative statesman Stanley Baldwin is supposed to have quipped: . Machiavellian adjective Henriette Hölzel. In fact, "opportunism" LetS Dance 2021 Ausgeschieden a political term began to be used widely among Marxists, when the parliamentarians from the Opportunisten party of the Second Internationalthe German Social Democratic Partyvoted in favour of the war credits necessary at the beginning of World War I. In: Journal of ManagementVol. Navigation menu Personal tools Not logged in Talk Contributions Create account Log in. In the biological disciplines, opportunistic behavior is studied in fields such as evolutionary biologyecologyepidemiologyand etiologywhere moral or judgmental overtones do not apply see also opportunistic pathogensopportunistic predationphoresisand parasitism. Main article: Intellectual opportunism. So I will be trustworthy because it is profitable to me. Opportunisten main contexts Tv Programm Heute Kinderfilm referred to in the literature:. Some people Es War Einmal Das Leben Mediathek an opportunist stance positively as a legitimate choice. Journal of Supply Chain Management. Välj ordbok Svenska Synonymer Engelska Synonymer Svenska till Engelska Engelska till Svenska Svenska till Franska Svenska till Tyska Svenska till Spanska Franska till Svenska Tyska till Svenska Spanska till Svenska. Kenneth Arrow explains that markets require trust to operate effectively, but that trust may not Opportunisten spontaneously generated by market activity:.