Auch heute noch ist der Ku-Klux-Klan mit seinen fragwürdigen Theorien und Aktionen präsent und strebt noch ein Jahrhundert nach seiner Hochphase die. In Deutschland gibt es nach Einschätzung der Bundesregierung vier Gruppierungen des Ku-Klux-Klan. Die Rede ist von „abstrakter. Eine zweiteilige ARTE-Dokumentation beleuchtet die Machenschaften des Ku-Klux-Klan, der in der gespaltenen USA von heute immer noch.
Ku-Klux-KlanNach dem Ende des Amerikanischen Bürgerkriegs gründeten Ex-Offiziere des Südens an Heiligabend den Ku-Klux-Klan. Er sollte den. Eine zweiteilige ARTE-Dokumentation beleuchtet die Machenschaften des Ku-Klux-Klan, der in der gespaltenen USA von heute immer noch. Aktuelle Nachrichten, Bilder und Informationen zum Thema Ku-Klux-Klan auf Stuttgarter Nachrichten.
Kkk Klan Founding of the Ku Klux Klan VideoMeeting the head of the Ku Klux Klan So waren z. Der Ku-Klux-Klan — Eine Geschichte des Hasses. Sicherheitslage in Somalia Das Warten auf Wahlen. Simmons joined 12 different fraternal organizations Stray Kids Unveil Tour recruited for the Klan with his chest covered with fraternal badges, consciously modeling the Klan after fraternal organizations. One Hundred Percent American: The Rebirth and Decline of the Ku Klux Klan in the s. A cross is seen on the hand of a member of the Ku Klux Klan, as he participates Wjatscheslaw Molotow the Off Game annual Nathan Bedford Forrest birthday march in July in Pulaski, Tennessee. Some KKK groups have become Magnus Fiennes "nazified", adopting the look and emblems of white power skinheads.
Alle Filme mit Jackie Chan in eine Dmax App zu fassen, etwa fr Serien. - InhaltsverzeichnisEs traten im Zuge der Emanzipation auch Frauen Eid Mubarak 2021 den KKK ein, die eigene Gruppen wie Women of the Ku Klux Klan gründeten.
New York Times Company. August 11, August 14, Morton Passes Away in Shelby". The Tennessean. November 21, Retrieved September 25, — via Newspapers.
To Captain Morton came the peculiar distinction of having organized that branch of the Ku Klux Klan which operated in Nashville and the adjacent territory, but a more signal honor was his when he performed the ceremonies which initiated Gen.
Nathan Bedford Forrest into the mysterious ranks of the Ku Klux Klan. Archived from the original on August 19, Retrieved February 20, Retrieved January 25, NEARLY A SCORE ACCUSED Jeff Burnett and Dr.
McKoln Among Alleged Men Rouge Hooded Kidnappers Sought. Hooded Empire: The Ku Klux Klan in Colorado. Urbana, Illinois: University of Illinois Press.
Archived from the original on Michael Zatarain, David Duke: Evolution of a Klansman. Retrieved November 11, Payne Dead Last: The Public Memory of Warren G.
Harding's Scandalous Legacy. Ohio University Press. The Straight Dope. Chicago : Creative Loafing Media, Inc.
Retrieved Naples News. The Trent. Jacksonian America: Society, Personality, and Politics. Washington Post. Salisbury was a war buddy and former business partner of Truman's.
Salisbury believed that Truman attempted "to give Jim Pendergast control of [their] business. Salisbury contradicts Hinde's statement that the meeting at the Hotel Baltimore was one-on-one, naming at least six individuals who were present.
Salisbury states that at the meeting, Truman had to receive a special dispensation to join, because his grandfather Solomon had been a Jew; however, Solomon was not a Jew, and the rumor of Truman's Jewish ancestry was only spread later, by the Klan, once the political lines had been drawn so that Truman was the Klan's enemy.
An interview with Hinde at the Truman Library's website "Oral History Interview with Edgar G. Hinde" by James R.
Fuchs, 15 March , retrieved June 26, portrays it as a one-on-one meeting at the Hotel Baltimore with a Klan organizer named Jones. Chrisman stating that reporters from the Hearst papers had questioned him about Truman's past with the Klan, and that he had seen Truman at a Klan meeting, but that "if he ever became a member of the Klan I did not know it.
While Truman had been raised in a family with Southern and Confederate leanings, he still said that he believed "in the brotherhood of all men before the law" McCullough, p.
His work on civil rights was politically damaging but extensive nonetheless. Categories : Ku Klux Klan members Political history of the United States American white supremacist politicians American white supremacists.
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Namespaces Article Talk. Even at its height, the Klan did not boast a well-organized structure or clear leadership. Klan activity flourished particularly in the regions of the South where Black people were a minority or a small majority of the population, and was relatively limited in others.
Among the most notorious zones of Klan activity was South Carolina , where in January masked men attacked the Union county jail and lynched eight Black prisoners.
In the regions where most Klan activity took place, local law enforcement officials either belonged to the Klan or declined to take action against it, and even those who arrested accused Klansmen found it difficult to find witnesses willing to testify against them.
After , Republican state governments in the South turned to Congress for help, resulting in the passage of three Enforcement Acts, the strongest of which was the Ku Klux Klan Act of For the first time, the Ku Klux Klan Act designated certain crimes committed by individuals as federal offenses, including conspiracies to deprive citizens of the right to hold office, serve on juries and enjoy the equal protection of the law.
The act authorized the president to suspend the writ of habeas corpus and arrest accused individuals without charge, and to send federal forces to suppress Klan violence.
This expansion of federal authority—which Ulysses S. Grant promptly used in to crush Klan activity in South Carolina and other areas of the South—outraged Democrats and even alarmed many Republicans.
From the early s onward, white supremacy gradually reasserted its hold on the South as support for Reconstruction waned; by the end of , the entire South was under Democratic control once again.
It was fueled by growing hostility to the surge in immigration that America experienced in the early 20th century along with fears of communist revolution akin to the Bolshevik triumph in Russia in The organization took as its symbol a burning cross and held rallies, parades and marches around the country.
At its peak in the s, Klan membership exceeded 4 million people nationwide. Griffith used this image in The Birth of a Nation ; Simmons adopted the symbol wholesale from the movie, and the symbol and action have been associated with the Klan ever since.
By the s, the KKK developed a women's auxiliary, with chapters in many areas. Its activities included participation in parades, cross lightings, lectures, rallies, and boycotts of local businesses owned by Catholics and Jews.
The Women's Klan was active in promoting Prohibition, stressing liquor's negative impact on wives and children.
Its efforts in public schools included distributing Bibles and petitioning for the dismissal of Roman Catholic teachers. As a result of the Women's Klan's efforts, Texas would not hire Catholic teachers to work in its public schools.
As sexual and financial scandals rocked the Klan leadership late in the s, the organization's popularity among both men and women dropped off sharply.
The second Klan expanded with new chapters in cities in the Midwest and West, and reached both Republicans and Democrats, as well as men without a party affiliation.
The goal of Prohibition in particular helped the Klan and some Republicans to make common cause in the North.
The Klan had numerous members in every part of the United States, but was particularly strong in the South and Midwest.
In Indiana, members were American-born, white Protestants and covered a wide range of incomes and social levels.
The Indiana Klan was perhaps the most prominent Ku Klux Klan in the nation. Catholic and liberal Democrats — who were strongest in northeastern cities — decided to make the Klan an issue at the Democratic National Convention in New York City.
Their delegates proposed a resolution indirectly attacking the Klan; it was defeated by one vote out of 1, After weeks of stalemate and bitter argumentation, both candidates withdrew in favor of a compromise candidate.
In some states, such as Alabama and California, KKK chapters had worked for political reform. In , Klan members were elected to the city council in Anaheim, California.
The city had been controlled by an entrenched commercial-civic elite that was mostly German American. Given their tradition of moderate social drinking, the German Americans did not strongly support Prohibition laws — the mayor had been a saloon keeper.
Led by the minister of the First Christian Church, the Klan represented a rising group of politically oriented non-ethnic Germans who denounced the elite as corrupt, undemocratic and self-serving.
The historian Christopher Cocoltchos says the Klansmen tried to create a model, orderly community. The Klan had about 1, members in Orange County, California.
The economic and occupational profile of the pro- and anti-Klan groups shows the two were similar and about equally prosperous.
Klan members were Protestants, as were most of their opponents, but the latter also included many Catholic Germans. Individuals who joined the Klan had earlier demonstrated a much higher rate of voting and civic activism than did their opponents.
Cocoltchos suggests that many of the individuals in Orange County joined the Klan out of that sense of civic activism.
The Klan representatives easily won the local election in Anaheim in April They fired city employees who were known to be Catholic, and replaced them with Klan appointees.
The new city council tried to enforce Prohibition. After its victory, the Klan chapter held large rallies and initiation ceremonies over the summer.
Klan opponents in took back local government, and succeeded in a special election in recalling the Klansmen who had been elected in April The Klan in Anaheim quickly collapsed, its newspaper closed after losing a libel suit, and the minister who led the local Klavern moved to Kansas.
In the South, Klan members were still Democratic, as it was essentially a one-party region for whites. Klan chapters were closely allied with Democratic police, sheriffs, and other functionaries of local government.
Due to disenfranchisement of most African Americans and many poor whites around the start of the 20th century, the only political activity for whites took place within the Democratic Party.
In Alabama, Klan members advocated better public schools, effective Prohibition enforcement, expanded road construction, and other political measures to benefit lower-class white people.
By , the Klan was a political force in the state, as leaders such as J. Thomas Heflin , David Bibb Graves , and Hugo Black tried to build political power against the Black Belt wealthy planters , who had long dominated the state.
He was a former Klan chapter head. He pushed for increased education funding, better public health, new highway construction, and pro-labor legislation.
Because the Alabama state legislature refused to redistrict until , and then under court order, the Klan was unable to break the planters' and rural areas' hold on legislative power.
Scholars and biographers have recently examined Hugo Black's Klan role. Ball finds regarding the KKK that Black "sympathized with the group's economic, nativist, and anti-Catholic beliefs".
In President Franklin D. Roosevelt appointed Black to the Supreme Court without knowing how active in the Klan he had been in the s. He was confirmed by his fellow Senators before the full KKK connection was known; Justice Black said he left the Klan when he became a senator.
Many groups and leaders, including prominent Protestant ministers such as Reinhold Niebuhr in Detroit, spoke out against the Klan, gaining national attention.
The Jewish Anti-Defamation League was formed in the early 20th century in response to attacks on Jewish Americans , including the lynching of Leo Frank in Atlanta, and to the Klan's campaign to prohibit private schools which was chiefly aimed at Catholic parochial schools.
Opposing groups worked to penetrate the Klan's secrecy. After one civic group in Indiana began to publish Klan membership lists, there was a rapid decline in the number of Klan members.
The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People NAACP launched public education campaigns in order to inform people about Klan activities and lobbied in Congress against Klan abuses.
After its peak in , Klan membership in most areas began to decline rapidly. Specific events contributed to the Klan's decline as well.
In Indiana, the scandal surrounding the murder trial of Grand Dragon D. Stephenson destroyed the image of the KKK as upholders of law and order. By the Klan was "crippled and discredited".
Stephenson was the grand dragon of Indiana and 22 northern states. In he had led the states under his control in order to break away from the national KKK organization.
At his trial, he was convicted of second-degree murder for his part in the rape, and subsequent death, of Madge Oberholtzer.
Stephenson and the other salesmen and office seekers who maneuvered for control of Indiana's Invisible Empire lacked both the ability and the desire to use the political system to carry out the Klan's stated goals.
They were uninterested in, or perhaps even unaware of, grass roots concerns within the movement. For them, the Klan had been nothing more than a means for gaining wealth and power.
These marginal men had risen to the top of the hooded order because, until it became a political force, the Klan had never required strong, dedicated leadership.
More established and experienced politicians who endorsed the Klan, or who pursued some of the interests of their Klan constituents, also accomplished little.
Factionalism created one barrier, but many politicians had supported the Klan simply out of expedience.
When charges of crime and corruption began to taint the movement, those concerned about their political futures had even less reason to work on the Klan's behalf.
In Alabama, KKK vigilantes launched a wave of physical terror in They targeted both blacks and whites for violations of racial norms and for perceived moral lapses.
Grover C. Hall , Sr. Today the paper says it "waged war on the resurgent [KKK]". Sheriffs cracked down on activities. In the presidential election , the state voters overcame their initial opposition to the Catholic candidate Al Smith , and voted the Democratic Party line as usual.
Although in decline, a measure of the Klan's influence was still evident when it staged its march along Pennsylvania Avenue in Washington, D.
By , Klan membership in Alabama dropped to less than 6, Small independent units continued to be active in the industrial city of Birmingham. KKK units were active through the s in parts of Georgia, with a group of "night riders" in Atlanta enforcing their moral views by flogging people who violated them, whites as well as blacks.
In March , they were implicated in the beating murders of a young white couple taken from their car on a lovers lane, and flogged a white barber to death for drinking, both in East Point, a suburb of Atlanta.
More than 20 others were "brutally flogged". As the police began to investigate, they found the records of the KKK had disappeared from their East Point office.
The cases were reported by the Chicago Tribune  and the NAACP in its Crisis magazine,  as well as local papers.
In , three lynchings of black men by whites no KKK affiliation is known took place in the South: Elbert Williams was the first NAACP member known to be killed for civil rights activities: he was murdered in Brownsville, Tennessee , for working to register blacks to vote, and several other activists were run out of town; Jesse Thornton was lynched in Luverne, Alabama , for a minor social infraction; and year-old Austin Callaway , a suspect in the assault of a white woman, was taken from jail in the middle of the night and killed by six white men in LaGrange, Georgia.
In major Southern cities such as Birmingham, Alabama , Klan members kept control of access to the better-paying industrial jobs and opposed unions.
During the s and s, Klan leaders urged members to disrupt the Congress of Industrial Organizations CIO , which advocated industrial unions and accepted African-American members, unlike earlier unions.
With access to dynamite and using the skills from their jobs in mining and steel, in the late s some Klan members in Birmingham used bombings to destroy houses in order to intimidate upwardly mobile blacks who moved into middle-class neighborhoods.
Activism by these independent KKK groups in Birmingham increased as a reaction to the civil rights movement of the s and s.
Independent Klan groups violently opposed the civil rights movement. Members of the Communist Workers' Party came to North Carolina to organize textile workers and pushed back against racial discrimination there, taunting the KKK, resulting in the Greensboro massacre.
In , after experiencing several years of decline due to the Great Depression , the Imperial Wizard Hiram Wesley Evans sold the national organization to James A.
Colescott , an Indiana veterinary physician , and Samuel Green , an Atlanta obstetrician. They could not revive the Klan's declining membership.
Local Klan groups closed down over the following years. After World War II , the folklorist and author Stetson Kennedy infiltrated the Klan; he provided internal data to media and law enforcement agencies.
He also provided secret code words to the writers of the Superman radio program, resulting in episodes in which Superman took on the KKK. Kennedy stripped away the Klan's mystique and trivialized its rituals and code words, which may have contributed to the decline in Klan recruiting and membership.
The historiography of the second Klan of the s has changed over time. Early histories were based on mainstream sources of the time.
But since the late 20th century, other histories have been written drawing from records and analysis of members of the chapters in social histories.
The KKK was a secret organization; apart from a few top leaders, most members never identified as such and wore masks in public.
Almost all the major national newspapers and magazines were hostile to its activities. The historian Thomas R. Pegram says that published accounts exaggerated the official viewpoint of the Klan leadership, and repeated the interpretations of hostile newspapers and the Klan's enemies.
There was almost no evidence in that time regarding the behavior or beliefs of individual Klansmen. According to Pegram, the resulting popular and scholarly interpretation of the Klan from the s into the midth century emphasized its Southern roots and the violent vigilante-style actions of the Klan in its efforts to turn back the clock of modernity.
Scholars compared it to fascism in Europe. It was, in this view, a movement of country parsons and small-town malcontents who were out of step with the dynamism of twentieth-century urban America.
The " social history " revolution in historiography from the s explored history from the bottom up. In terms of the Klan, it developed evidence based on the characteristics, beliefs, and behavior of the typical membership, and downplayed accounts by elite sources.
They discovered that the original interpretation was largely mistaken about the membership and activities of the Klan; the membership was not anti-modern, rural or rustic and consisted of fairly well educated middle-class joiners and community activists.
Half the members lived in the fast-growing industrial cities of the period: Chicago, Detroit, Philadelphia, Indianapolis, Denver, and Portland, Oregon, were Klan strongholds during the s.
Studies find that in general, the KKK membership in these cities was from the stable, successful middle classes, with few members drawn from the elite or the working classes.
Pegram, reviewing the studies, concludes, "the popular Klan of the s, while diverse, was more of a civic exponent of white Protestant social values than a repressive hate group.
Baker argues that religion was critical — the KKK based its hatred on a particular brand of Protestantism that resonated with mainstream Americans: "Members embraced Protestant Christianity and a crusade to save America from domestic as well as foreign threats.
In Indiana, traditional political historians focused on notorious leaders, especially D. Stephenson , the Grand Dragon of the Indiana Klan , whose conviction for kidnap, rape, and murder of Madge Oberholtzer helped destroy the Ku Klux Klan movement nationwide.
In his history of , Kenneth Jackson already described the Klan of the s as associated with cities and urbanization, with chapters often acting as a kind of fraternal organization to aid people coming from other areas.
Social historian Leonard Moore titled his monograph Citizen Klansmen and contrasted the intolerant rhetoric of the group's leaders with the actions of most of the membership.
The Klan was white Protestant, established Americans who were fearful of change represented by new immigrants and black migrants to the North.
They were highly suspicious of Catholics, Jews and blacks, who they believed subverted ideal, Protestant moral standards. Violence was uncommon in most chapters.
In Indiana, KKK members directed more threats and economic blacklisting primarily against fellow white Protestants for transgressions of community moral standards, such as adultery, wife-beating , gambling and heavy drinking.
Up to one third of Indiana's Protestant men joined the order making it, Moore argued, "a kind of interest group for average white Protestants who believed that their values should be dominant in their community and state.
Northern Indiana's industrial cities had attracted a large Catholic population of European immigrants and their descendants.
They established the University of Notre Dame , a major Catholic college near South Bend. In May when the KKK scheduled a regional meeting in the city, Notre Dame students blocked the Klansmen and stole some KKK regalia.
The next day the Klansmen counterattacked. Finally the college president and the football coach Knute Rockne kept the students on campus to avert further violence.
In Alabama, some young, white, urban activists joined the KKK to fight the old guard establishment. Hugo Black was a member before becoming nationally famous; he focused on anti-Catholicism.
But in rural Alabama the Klan continued to operate to enforce Jim Crow ; its members resorted more often to violence against blacks for infringements of the social order of white supremacy.
Racial terrorism was used in smaller towns to suppress black political activity; Elbert Williams of Brownsville, Tennessee , was lynched in for trying to organize black residents to register and vote.
That year, Jesse Thornton of Luverne, Alabama , was lynched for failing to address a police officer as "Mister".
After the decline of the national organization, small independent groups adopted the name "Ku Klux Klan", along with variations.
They had no formal relationships with each other, or connection to the second KKK, except for the fact that they copied its terminology and costumes.
Beginning in the s, for instance, individual Klan groups in Birmingham, Alabama , began to resist social change and blacks' efforts to improve their lives by bombing houses in transitional neighborhoods.
The white men worked in mining and steel industries, with access to these materials. There were so many bombings of blacks' homes in Birmingham by Klan groups in the s that the city was nicknamed " Bombingham ".
During the tenure of Bull Connor as police commissioner in Birmingham, Klan groups were closely allied with the police and operated with impunity. When the Freedom Riders arrived in Birmingham in , Connor gave Klan members fifteen minutes to attack the riders before sending in the police to quell the attack.
In states such as Alabama and Mississippi , Klan members forged alliances with governors' administrations. In some cases they used physical violence, intimidation, and assassination directly against individuals.
Continuing disfranchisement of blacks across the South meant that most could not serve on juries, which were all-white and demonstrably biased verdicts and sentences.
According to a report from the Southern Regional Council in Atlanta , the homes of 40 black Southern families were bombed during and Some of the bombing victims were social activists whose work exposed them to danger, but most were either people who refused to bow to racist convention or were innocent bystanders, unsuspecting victims of random violence.
There was considerable resistance among African Americans and white allies to the Klan. In , newspaper publishers W. Horace Carter Tabor City, North Carolina , who had campaigned for three years, and Willard Cole Whiteville, North Carolina shared the Pulitzer Prize for Public Service citing "their successful campaign against the Ku Klux Klan, waged on their own doorstep at the risk of economic loss and personal danger, culminating in the conviction of over one hundred Klansmen and an end to terrorism in their communities".
When the KKK held a nighttime rally nearby, they were quickly surrounded by hundreds of armed Lumbee. Gunfire was exchanged, and the Klan was routed at what became known as the Battle of Hayes Pond.
While the Federal Bureau of Investigation FBI had paid informants in the Klan, for instance in Birmingham in the early s, its relations with local law enforcement agencies and the Klan were often ambiguous.
The head of the FBI, J. Edgar Hoover , appeared more concerned about Communist links to civil rights activists than about controlling Klan excesses against citizens.
As 20th-century Supreme Court rulings extended federal enforcement of citizens' civil rights , the government revived the Enforcement Acts and the Klan Act from Reconstruction days.
Federal prosecutors used these laws as the basis for investigations and indictments in the murders of Chaney, Goodman, and Schwerner ;  and the murder of Viola Liuzzo.
They were also the basis for prosecution in in Bray v. Alexandria Women's Health Clinic. In , the House Un-American Activities Committee started an investigation on the Klan, putting in the public spotlight its front organizations, finances, methods and divisions.
After federal legislation was passed prohibiting legal segregation and authorizing enforcement of protection of voting rights, KKK groups began to oppose court-ordered busing to desegregate schools , affirmative action , and the more open immigration authorized in the s.
In , KKK members used bombs to destroy 10 school buses in Pontiac, Michigan. By , there were known KKK groups on most college campuses in Louisiana as well as at Vanderbilt University , the University of Georgia , the University of Mississippi , the University of Akron , and the University of Southern California.
On November 3, , five communist protesters were killed by KKK and American Nazi Party members in Greensboro, North Carolina , in what is known as the Greensboro massacre.
Rival KKK factions accused each other's leaders of being FBI informants. William Wilkinson of the Invisible Empire, Knights of the Ku Klux Klan, was revealed to have been working for the FBI.
Thompson also related that KKK leaders showed great concern about a series of civil lawsuits filed by the Southern Poverty Law Center , claiming damages amounting to millions of dollars.
These were filed after KKK members shot into a group of African Americans. Klansmen curtailed their activities in order to conserve money for defense against the lawsuits.
The KKK also used lawsuits as tools; they filed a libel suit in order to prevent the publication of a paperback edition of Thompson's book, but were unsuccessful.
In , three KKK members shot four elderly black women Viola Ellison, Lela Evans, Opal Jackson, and Katherine Johnson in Chattanooga, Tennessee , following a KKK initiation rally.
A fifth woman, Fannie Crumsey, was injured by flying glass in the incident. Attempted murder charges were filed against the three KKK members, two of whom — Bill Church and Larry Payne — were acquitted by an all-white jury.
The third defendant, Marshall Thrash, was sentenced by the same jury to nine months on lesser charges.
He was released after three months. After Michael Donald was lynched in in Alabama , the FBI investigated his death. The US attorney prosecuted the case.
Two local KKK members were convicted for his murder, including Henry Francis Hays who was sentenced to death. After exhausting the appeals process, Hays was executed by electric chair for Donald's death in Alabama on June 6, With the support of attorneys Morris Dees of the Southern Poverty Law Center SPLC and state senator Michael A.
Figures , Donald's mother Beulah Mae Donald sued the KKK in civil court in Alabama. Her lawsuit against the United Klans of America was tried in February They had to sell off their national headquarters building in Tuscaloosa.
Duke has an account on Stormfront which he uses to post articles from his own website. He also polls forum members for opinions and questions, in particular during his internet broadcasts.
Duke has worked with Don Black on numerous projects including Operation Red Dog in The modern KKK is not one organization; rather it is composed of small independent chapters across the United States.
Analysts believe that about two-thirds of KKK members are concentrated in the Southern United States , with another third situated primarily in the lower Midwest.
For some time, the Klan's numbers have been steadily dropping. This decline has been attributed to the Klan's lack of competence in the use of the Internet , their history of violence, a proliferation of competing hate groups , and a decline in the number of young racist activists who are willing to join groups at all.
A analysis by the SPLC found that hate groups in general were on the rise in the United States. They remain a collection of mostly small, disjointed groups that continually change in name and leadership.
In , however, the number of KKK chapters nationwide grew from 72 to The SPLC released a similar report stating that "there were significant increases in Klan as well as black separatist groups".
Recent KKK membership campaigns have stimulated people's anxieties about illegal immigration , urban crime, civil unions , and same-sex marriage.
Keith Akins argued that "Klan literature and propaganda is rabidly homophobic and encourages violence against gays and lesbians.
Since the late s, the Klan has increasingly focused its ire on this previously ignored population. Many KKK groups have formed strong alliances with other white supremacist groups, such as neo-Nazis.
Show related SlideShares at end. WordPress Shortcode. Published in: Education. Full Name Comment goes here. Are you sure you want to Yes No. Bernardo Cotovio.
Sharza Shakeel , Student at International Islamic University. No Downloads. There were numerous instances of bombings, whippings, and shootings in Southern communities , carried out in secret but apparently the work of Klansmen.
Lyndon B. Johnson publicly denounced the organization in a nationwide television address announcing the arrest of four Klansmen in connection with the slaying of a civil-rights worker, a white woman, in Alabama.
The Klan was unable to stem the growth of a new racial tolerance in the South in the years that followed. Though the organization continued some of its surreptitious activities into the early 21st century, cases of Klan violence became more isolated, and its membership had declined to a few thousand.
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Let us know if you have suggestions to improve this article requires login. External Websites. Tennessee Encyclopedia of History and Culture - Ku Klux Klan Texas State Historical Association - Handbook of Texas - Ku Klux Klan Kansapedia - Kansas Historical Society - Ku Klux Klan in Kansas The Oregon Encyclopedia - Ku Klux Klan New Georgia Encyclopedia - History and Archaeology - Ku Klux Klan in the Reconstruction Era Encyclopedia Virginia - Ku Klux Klan in Virginia Oklahoma Historical Society - Ku Klux Klan The Canadian Encyclopedia - Ku Klux Klan Encyclopedia of Alabama - Ku Klux Klan in Alabama from CALS Encyclopedia of Arkansas - Ku Klux Klan after